20 Healthy Common Food Spices in Nigeria and Their Uses

Common Food Spices In Nigeria
Common Food Spices in Nigeria

In the vibrant tapestry of Nigerian cuisine, spices play a pivotal role, infusing dishes with distinct flavours, aromas, and cultural significance. 

Nigeria, renowned for its diverse culinary landscape, boasts an array of common spices that elevate traditional recipes to tantalizing heights. 

From the bustling markets to the heart of home kitchens, these spices weave stories of heritage and taste. 

This comprehensive guide delves into Nigeria’s top 20 food spices, unlocking their flavours, cultural context, and culinary applications. You can cook any of the tasty Igbo Cultural Foods with these spices.

Why Must I Use Nigerian Spices?

Here are the reasons to use local spices for cooking:

Boosting Taste: 

Spices provide food richness, depth, and complexity, which enhances flavour and appeals to the senses.

To Add Fragrance: 

They add alluring scents that might increase hunger and enhance the allure of food.


In the past, people utilized spices for their preservation qualities to help food last longer on the shelf before access to contemporary refrigeration techniques.

Health Advantages: 

Included in a balanced diet, many spices’ health benefits—such as their antioxidant or anti-inflammatory qualities—can promote general health.

Historical Importance: 

Spices are typically associated with customs and culinary techniques handed down through the ages, giving them a cultural value.


Spices can change or combine spices in numerous ways to create a variety of tasty possibilities from a single component or meal.

Read ALSO: 12 Best Tasty Igbo Cultural Foods


Here are the common benefits of local spices:

Qualities of Antioxidants: 

Antioxidants in many spices aid in the body’s fight against free radicals, which may lower the risk of chronic illnesses and promote general health.

Reducing Inflammation: 

Certain spices, such as ginger and turmeric, have anti-inflammatory qualities that may help reduce inflammation and illnesses linked to it in the body.

Aid for Digestion: 

Some spices, like fennel, cumin, and ginger, help facilitate the synthesis of digestive enzymes and lessen discomfort in the gastrointestinal tract.

Blood Sugar Management: 

Cinnamon has been researched for its potential to help those with diabetes or those at risk of developing the disease by improving insulin sensitivity and regulating blood sugar levels.

Cardiac health 

Cinnamon, cayenne pepper, and garlic can improve cardiovascular health by enhancing blood circulation, decreasing cholesterol, and strengthening heart health overall.

Maintaining Weight: 

Certain spices, including black pepper and cayenne pepper, have ingredients that can increase calorie expenditure and speed up metabolism, which can help with weight management.

Antibacterial Characteristics: 

Some spices, such as oregano and cloves, have antibacterial qualities that help fight bacteria and may even help treat infections.

Brain Health: 

Turmeric’s curcumin, which may lower the risk of neurodegenerative disorders and improve cognitive function, has demonstrated promise in boosting brain health.

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Here are the common food spices in Nigeria:

1. Suya Spice

First on our list of common food spices in Nigeria is Suya spice. Originating from the northern regions, Suya spice embodies the essence of Nigerian street food. A blend of ground peanuts, ginger, garlic, paprika, and other spices imparts a smoky, nutty flavour to grilled meats.

2. Yaji Spice

Next on our list of local spices in Nigeria is Yaji spice. This food spice is related to Suya. Yaji spice encompasses a mix of cayenne pepper, ginger, and crushed groundnuts, adding a fiery kick to various dishes. 

3. Pepper Soup Spice

A popular seasoning in Nigerian cooking is pepper soup spice. It’s a mixture of warm spices like coriander, cumin, cloves, and occasionally nutmeg or jalapeños. 

Traditional Nigerian pepper soup meals, which frequently incorporate different meats, fish, or vegetables cooked in a savoury broth, gain a unique and flavorful touch from this spice blend. The soup’s distinct flavour is derived from the combination of spices, providing the meal depth and warmth.

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4. Curry Powder

Spices like curry powder are frequently used in Nigerian cooking. It is one of the best Nigerian spices for stew. It is a mixture of several spices, including fenugreek, cumin, coriander, and turmeric; occasionally, it contains chilli peppers or other components. 

Curry powder is not indigenous to Nigeria, but it has made its way into Nigerian kitchens, where it is used to season and lend a unique, fragrant flavour to various foods. It adds a distinct flavour to rice meals, soups, stews, and marinades for meats and vegetables. It is used in many Nigerian recipes.

5. Thyme

One herb that is frequently utilized in Nigerian cooking is thyme. While less common than other spices, Thyme is valued for its earthy and aromatic flavour. 

In Nigerian cooking, it’s frequently used to season and improve the flavour of various foods, including stews, soups, sauces, and meat marinades. 

Its unique flavour gives the food more depth, enhancing the overall flavour profile of Nigerian cuisines and balancing their richness.

6. Ginger

In Nigerian cooking, ginger is one of the spices for jollof rice and stew. Its distinct flavour and aroma is a popular choice in various cuisines. Nigerian cuisine uses fresh or powdered ginger to give food depth and warmth.

It is used to provide a zesty and slightly spicy flavour to stews, soups, sauces, and even drinks, enhancing the overall flavour profile of the food. 

Due to its possible health benefits, ginger is often used in traditional Nigerian drinks and treatments. Ginger’s anti-inflammatory properties may alleviate nausea, aid digestion, and reduce muscle soreness.

7. Garlic 

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Common Food Spices in Nigeria

Garlic is a common spice in Nigerian cooking and is prized for its strong flavour and scent. It is used to season various meals, either fresh or in powdered form. 

Nigerian foods benefit from garlic, which gives soups, stews, sauces, and marinades a savoury flavour. It’s also prized for possible health advantages and is frequently used in traditional medicine.

8. Onion Powder

Made from dehydrated onions, onion powder is a handy spice that adds onion taste to food without adding the wetness and bulk of fresh onions. 

In Nigerian cookery, it’s a versatile spice that gives various dishes a sweet, somewhat spicy flavour. It gives food a deep onion taste and is frequently used in stews, soups, sauces, and spice blends.

9. Cayenne Pepper

Cayenne pepper is a spicy spice that gives Nigerian food a bright red colour and extra intensity. It is used sparingly to add spice to food and is manufactured from ground and dried chilli peppers. 

Cayenne pepper is used to season marinades, soups, stews, and sauces; this gives cooks the freedom to adjust the heat in their food to suit their tastes.

10. Nutmeg

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Common Food Spices in Nigeria

A warming and fragrant spice, nutmeg is frequently used in Nigerian baking and savoury cookery. 

Usually, it is freshly ground or grated and used in recipes. Nutmeg adds a unique sweet and nutty flavour to foods like porridge, soups, stews, and baked products in Nigerian cooking. Because of its strong flavour, which can easily dominate other flavours if used excessively, is used sparingly.

11. Clove

In Nigerian cooking, cloves are spices made from aromatic flower buds. Their flavour is warm, sweet, and just a little bitter. 

Whole or ground cloves are frequently used in rice dishes, stews, and soups to give them more flavour. 

Due to their robust flavour, they are essential to marinades and spice blends in Nigerian cooking. Clove contains compounds with antioxidant and antimicrobial properties that may promote oral health and help combat inflammation.

12. Cinnamon

The warm, sweet flavour of cinnamon is derived from the inner bark of trees. It is used in Nigerian cooking to enhance the flavour and depth of various meals, such as rice dishes, baked products, stews, and soups. 

Because of its strong flavour, cinnamon should only be used sparingly. It can be found as sticks or powder.

Cinnamon regulates blood sugar, heart health, and antimicrobial properties.

13. Allspice

Dried, unripe berries from the Pimenta dioica plant make this spice. It tastes like a combination of cinnamon, nutmeg, and cloves. In Nigerian cooking, allspice adds a warm, somewhat peppery flavour to meats, stews, soups, and sometimes baked items.

14. Paprika

Ground and dried red peppers make this spice. It gives food a bright hue and a gentle, slightly sweet flavour. Paprika adds a slight heat and improves the appearance of food when used to season meats, stews, rice dishes, and sauces in Nigerian cookery.

15. Bay Leaves

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Common Food Spices in Nigeria

Adding delicate herbal and floral overtones to food, bay leaves are aromatic leaves frequently used in Nigerian cooking. To add flavour, they are frequently added whole to stews, soups, and sauces while cooking. Since bay leaves are not edible, they are usually taken out before serving.

16. Rosemary

The fragrant herb has leaves resembling needles and a woodsy, citrusy scent. Although it’s not as popular in Nigerian cooking as other spices, its potent flavour makes it a standout ingredient in some recipes. 

When used sparingly in Nigeria, it imparts a unique herbal and slightly piney flavour to marinades, stews, roasted meats, and grilled meals.

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17. Maggi Cubes

Traditionally used in Nigerian cooking to add flavour to food, Maggi cubes are spice cubes. They contain salt, monosodium glutamate (MSG), dried veggies, and other flavourings. 

Maggi cubes add a savoury umami flavour to rice, stews, soups, and other foods, giving the food more depth and richness.

18. Turmeric

A vibrant yellow spice, turmeric is frequently used in Nigerian cooking. It is distinguished by its vivid color and has a warm, slightly bitter flavour. Turmeric season and colour meals, including rice, stews, soups, and sauces. Turmeric is prized for its possible health advantages and culinary use.

It contains curcumin, known for its potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, potentially offering benefits for joint health and immune function.

19. Scent Leaf

Often referred to as basil, scent leaf is a fragrant plant that gives food in Nigerian cookery a flavorful, fresh touch. 

It tastes kind of spicy with a tinge of clove. Scent leaf is added at the end of cooking to retain its fragrant properties and is used in stews, soups, and sauces.

Scent leaf may have antimicrobial properties and is thought to aid digestion and support respiratory health.

20. Negro Pepper

Also referred to as Uda seed, Negro pepper is a spicy and somewhat bitter spice. Nigerian cooking frequently uses it to flavour sauces, stews, and soups. 

Black pepper is used sparingly because of its powerful flavour and reputation for adding depth to food with its aromatic properties.

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What are some common food spices used in Nigerian cuisine?

A: Some common spices in Nigerian cuisine include curry, thyme, ginger, garlic, and nutmeg.

How do Nigerians use these spices in their cooking?

A: Nigerians often use these spices to add flavour and aroma to soups, stews, rice dishes, and grilled meats.

Are there any traditional Nigerian spice blends?

A: Traditional spice blends such as suya spice (used for grilling meat) and yaji (a spicy pepper blend) are commonly used in Nigerian cooking.

Where can I find these spices if I don’t live in Nigeria?

A: These spices can be found at international grocery stores or online shops specialising in African ingredients.

What are some popular dishes that feature these common food spices?

Dishes like jollof rice, egusi soup, suya (grilled meat), and pepper soup all combine these common food spices.


Nigerian cuisine is a mosaic of diverse flavours and spices that reflect the country’s rich cultural heritage. These 20 common food spices are the cornerstone of this culinary journey, enhancing dishes with their unique aromas, tastes, and textures.

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