Most Interesting Facts About Igbo People

Most Interesting Facts About Igbo People
Most interesting facts about Igbo people

The Igbo people, a vibrant and culturally rich ethnic group in Nigeria, have a long and fascinating history that has shaped their traditions, beliefs, and way of life. 

From their renowned entrepreneurial spirit to their intricate masquerade festivals, the Igbo people have captivated the world with their unique customs and practices. 

This article delves into some of the most interesting facts about the Igbo people, shedding light on their contributions to literature, art, and politics. 


The tale of the Igbo people’s history is intricate and diversified, spanning thousands of years. The historical background and significant moments in the history of the Igbo people are summarized as follows:

Origins in antiquity

The Nri Kingdom, one of Nigeria’s first kingdoms, is where the Igbo people first appeared. The Igbo people are thought to have been present in southeast Nigeria for at least 2,000 years. They may have had a sophisticated civilization with intricate political and religious systems.

The trans-Saharan and trans-Atlantic trade networks attracted the Igbo people as active players. They conducted business with surrounding tribes and empires, such as the Kingdom of Ife and the Benin Empire. The Igbo region benefited financially and culturally from this commerce.

Artifacts from Igbo-Ukwu

In the 20th century, Igbo-Ukwu, an old Igbo settlement, was the site of several amazing archaeological finds. The elaborate bronze and copper sculptures, jewelry, and other items found with these antiquities, which date to the ninth century AD, are among their oldest components. These discoveries demonstrated the Igbo people’s highly developed artistic and metallurgical abilities.

The Igbo region was colonized by European forces in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, along with much of Africa. Nigeria was colonized by the British, including the Igbo region. The introduction of Western education, Christianity, and new economic systems during the colonial era significantly affected Igbo society.

Biafran War

The Nigerian Civil War (1967–1970), known as the Biafran War, is one of the most important moments in recent Igbo history. Under the direction of Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, the Igbo-dominated southeast region, proclaimed itself the Republic of Biafra. The conflict ended with Biafra’s reunification with Nigeria after causing much pain and losing lives.

Communities in the Diaspora

The Igbo diaspora has grown significantly, with sizable populations in nations like the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and other African countries. Igbo immigrants have significantly enriched their host nations while maintaining close ties to their ancestral country.

The Igbo people have a rich sense of cultural identity, are tenacious, and have a history of interacting with outside influences while keeping their past. The Igbo people still add to the rich fabric of Nigerian and world culture today.

Read Also: 12 Best Tasty Igbo Cultural Foods


Primarily found in Nigeria’s southeast, the Igbo people. The area comprises five states with a large Igbo-speaking population, sometimes called “Igboland” or the “Igbo heartland.” 

The five states where the Igbo are the predominant ethnic group are listed below:

Abia State:

Abia is a state in southeast Nigeria, and Umuahia is its capital. In addition to being the home of various Igbo subgroups, it is famous for its commercial hub of Aba.

Anambra State:

Another state in the southeast, with its capital in Awka, is Anambra. It is renowned for its historical sites and cultural legacy, especially the town of Onitsha, a significant regional commercial hub.

Eboni State:

Ebonyi State’s capital is Abakaliki, and the state is located in the southeast of Nigeria. The majority of the inhabitants of Ebonyi speak Igbo, and the region is well-known for its agricultural endeavors.

Enugu State:

Enugu is a state in southeast Nigeria with Enugu as its capital. Due to its historical importance in coal mining, it is frequently called the “Coal City State.”

Imo State:

Another southeastern state where the Igbo people are the predominant ethnic group is Imo, which has its capital at Owerri. Numerous Igbo communities may be found there, and it is well renowned for its rich cultural legacy.

The core of Igboland comprises these five states, which are also the places where the Igbo culture, language, and customs are most prevalent. Due to migration and the Igbo diaspora, Igbo communities can also be found in other regions of Nigeria and worldwide.


Here are the fascinating facts about Igbo people you need to know:

1. They follow a strict religion.

Most Interesting Facts About Igbo People
Interesting Facts About Igbo People

Regarding religious activities, the Igbo tribe is not left out. Not that other tribes are not religion-minded, but the Igbo tribe is deeply rooted in religious ethics and norms. 

The Igbo people are a deeply religious ethnic group because they firmly believed in God and the existence of a celestial being they named Chineke long before Christianity was introduced to them. They revere people like Amadioha, Igwekala, Ala, Ikenga, Anyanwu, Idemmili, Anwu, and Ogbanabali, among other deities. 

The female deity in Odinala, known as Ala, embodies the earth, fertility, creativity, and morality. In other dialects, she is called ani, ana, and ale. She is the figure most revered and important in Igbo culture.

2. Several Rites of Passage are Observed

Eight days after birth is the typical time for a man to get circumcised. The kid’s mother has now buried the umbilical cord beneath a tree. The ritual of naming is a festive celebration that includes food and libations. 

Numerous other names are offered. Numerous elements, such as the child’s birthmarks or the diviner’s or seer’s perception, may influence the name.

To marry a young Igbo woman requires a drawn-out, complicated procedure. It rarely takes less than a year and usually takes several years. 

The process consists of four steps: obtaining the consent of the young woman, carrying out negotiations through an intermediary, investigating the moral character of the bride, and giving the bride money as a kind of dowry.

3. Igbo People Love Money

It is believed that Igbos love money. This is due to their relentless efforts to make money and accumulate wealth by all means. 

That’s why they are one of the most labor-intensive tribes in Africa. Many excellent Igbo people live lawfully and highly disapprove of using illegal means to support themselves. 

In the ancient Igbo culture, those who have been successful and wealthy are generally praised for their wealth and grandeur and are frequently awarded Chieftain titles.

Read Also: Igbo Tribal Marks and Meanings

4. The Igbo people are Diligent

One of the most interesting facts about Igbo people is that they are hardworking and dedicated to anything they set their minds to do. 

Unlike some other tribes in Nigeria, the Igbo people are tough tribes with resilient attitudes towards work and making a good living. One of Nigeria’s hardest-working tribes is the Igbo. 

Also, they have an entrepreneurial spirit and business-oriented mindset, which motivates and aids in their success.

5. Igbo individuals are highly intelligent

Among the interesting facts about the Igbo tribe you should be aware of is that they are highly intelligent and smart.

Igbos are among the world’s most intelligent tribes, and as numerous successful Igbos attest, they still hold this status. Igbo people are adaptable, as seen by their presence in practically every profession.

Most Interesting Facts About Igbo People
Most interesting facts about Igbo people

6. They take Nze and Ozo Titles

Igbo society has a traditional title system known as “Nze” and “Ozo.” These titles are conferred upon individuals who have significantly contributed to their communities and come with special privileges and responsibilities.

This is one of the unique attributes of Igbo culture. Aside from that, they value traditional religion. This involves belief in a pantheon of deities, spirits, and ancestors. Rituals, ceremonies, and a strong connection to the spirit world characterize it.

Read Also: Igbo Tribal Marks and Meanings

7. Igbo people occasionally wear traditional clothing

Another way to identify an Igbo man is in what he wears. Igbo people enjoy wearing traditional attire. Although most people living in the city dress like the Westerns, they also wear Igbo tribe attire on special occasions.

In rural areas like villages and communities, traditional attires are common. Women wear wraps and gele. Men often wear sandals, a shirt, and a cotton robe (wrap). They wear a stylish wrap, dressy shoes, and a cap over a long shirt typically tucked in and ornamented while attending formal gatherings.

Wraps are appropriate for ladies in both informal and formal settings. The typical wrapper is made of cheap cotton that has been dyed locally. Woven or batik-dyed imported fabric is often used for formal clothes.

8. Yam is Igbo culture food

The yam is a staple food for the Igbo. On ceremonial occasions, the yam has historically been the preferred food. It has been replaced with rice. Additional starchy foods include cassava, plantains, maize, and taro root. 

Aside from yam, there are other Igbo cultural foods like Abacha, Ugba, Akidi, Ukwa, and Ofe Onugbu. 

9. They Take Farming as a Source of Living

Most Interesting Facts About Igbo People
Igbo culture: facts about Igbo people

Although other tribes farm, Igbo people also farm. The traditional Igbo economy depends heavily on producing root crops. Taro, cassava, and yams are the three principal root vegetables. There are gender-specific classifications for work. 

The men clear the bush and plant the yams with the help of the ladies and children. After the yam planting, the women are given separate plots. Each lady also plants extra crops in the spaces between the yams and on the sides of hills.

Trading has a long history among the Igbo. The market has developed into a sizable source of revenue. More Igbo people are now working as wage laborers. Increasing road construction, urbanization, expanding industries, and oil exploration create many job opportunities.

10. The Mbari Artistic Heritage

The Igbo are familiar with the Mbari art heritage, an indigenous form of architecture and sculpture. Mbari houses are built to honor gods and ancestors and embellished with lovely patterns and mud, wood, and clay sculptures.

Generally speaking, the Igbo people are an ethnic group with roughly 50 million indigenous members in Nigeria’s southeast. 

One of the biggest ethnic groups in Africa, they are renowned for their resilient nature, vibrant culture, and strong sense of entrepreneurship.

Among their other intriguing characteristics are:

  • They use a distinctive writing system called Nsibidi. The ideographic script known as Nsibidi is used for ceremonial and communicative reasons. It has over 500 symbols, each of which denotes a distinct idea.
  • They feel quite connected to one another. The Igbo people use their mother’s lineage to determine their ancestry because they are matrilineal. The Igbo people have a strong sense of kinship and community.
  • They are renowned for having a strong sense of enterprise. Some of the most prosperous businesspeople in Africa are Igbo. They are renowned for their diligence, tenacity, and business savvy.
  • Their past and culture are quite rich. Igbo culture is rich and includes music, dance, visual arts, and literature. They are renowned for their ornate customary festivals and ceremonies.

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What is the significance of the New Yam Festival?

The New Yam Festival, or Iri Ji, celebrates the Igbo people’s most important crop. It marks the beginning of the harvest season and is a time for thanksgiving and feasting.

What are some famous Igbo personalities?

Igbo culture has produced notable figures like Chinua Achebe, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, and Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, who have significantly contributed to literature and global leadership.

Can anyone participate in Igbo festivals?

While Igbo festivals are open to visitors, respecting the customs and traditions is essential. Seek guidance from locals to ensure you participate respectfully.

What is the role of women in Igbo society?

Women in Igbo society play vital roles in various aspects, including family, economics, and politics. They are highly respected and hold positions of authority.


The Igbo people possess a vibrant culture that is truly fascinating. From their ancient origins and unique language to their artistic expressions and strong sense of community, the Igbo have contributed immensely to Nigeria’s diverse heritage. 

Their accomplishments in various fields, such as business, education, and literature, inspire generations. As we delve deeper into studying the Igbo people, it becomes evident that their traditions and beliefs are deeply interconnected with their daily lives. 

We need to appreciate and respect the contributions of the Igbo people, not only for historical accuracy but also for fostering an inclusive society that celebrates diversity. 

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