How to Write an Application Letter in Nigeria

How To Write An Application Letter In Nigeria
How to Write an Application Letter in Nigeria

Writing an effective application letter is one of the most important steps in the job application process. 


Writing a strong application letter will help you stand out from the competition and get an interview in Nigeria, a nation with a cutthroat employment market. 

Success in the Nigerian setting depends on your ability to craft an application letter that addresses cultural quirks and highlights your qualifications. 


This post is a full guide on How to Write an Application Letter in Nigeria. Note. gaining proficiency in this skill is crucial for navigating Nigeria’s ever-changing employment market, regardless of your experience level or career stage.

What is an Application Letter?

A cover letter, sometimes referred to as an application letter, is an essential part of any job application. They function as a formal introduction and a chance to highlight your character and credentials. 

A well-written cover letter should go hand in hand with your CV by emphasizing achievements, experiences, and particular abilities that are relevant to the position you’re seeking. It’s an opportunity to create a good first impression on prospective employers, not just a formality.

A vital purpose of an application letter is to show that you are interested in the job and the organization. It lets you explain why you’re applying and how your experience fits in with the organization’s principles and objectives. 


Furthermore, each employment opportunity should be specifically addressed in an effective application letter, covering any needs listed in the job description. 

This customization highlights your suitability as a candidate and demonstrates that you have given the position some thought.

All things considered, application letters are a vital instrument for attracting the interest of hiring managers and differentiating yourself from other candidates in a crowded job market.

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What is the Importance of an Application Letter?

Application letters are essential to the job application process and have some significant functions.


Letters of application introduce applicants to possible employers. They give applicants the chance to introduce themselves in a formal, businesslike setting while emphasizing their credentials, abilities, and relevant experiences.


When writing an application letter, make sure it is appropriate for the job and the organization. Employers will see this as proof that the applicant has done their homework about the company and is aware of the demands of the position.

Showcasing talents and Accomplishments

Application letters give candidates an organized way to present their experiences, accomplishments, and talents. To prove they are qualified for the job, candidates can showcase pertinent experiences and accomplishments.

Sign of Interest and excitement

An application letter that is written well demonstrates a candidate’s sincere interest in and excitement for the job and the organization. Employers may find this to be a positive impression and a sign of the candidate’s commitment and motivation.

Part of Requirements

In application letters, candidates can address particular qualifications or requirements listed in the job advertising. This gives candidates the chance to discuss how their experiences and background fit the requirements of the role.

Communication Skills

Having excellent communication skills is essential for writing a successful application letter. Candidates must be able to speak well in a professional context by outlining their skills and interests in the role clearly and compellingly.

Enhancing the Resume/CV

Although resumes/CVs offer a thorough summary of a candidate’s work history, application letters let candidates go into more detail about certain experiences, give context, and customize their application to the job and company.

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How to Write an Application Letter for a Job

Understanding the structure of an application letter is crucial for effectively communicating your qualifications and interest in a job position. Here’s a breakdown of the typical structure:

Although there are certain cultural and stylistic factors unique to Nigeria, writing an application letter there follows a similar format to what I previously described. Here’s a detailed how-to:

Title and Date:

Start the letter by placing your contact details in the upper left corner. Add your email address, phone number, address, and full name.

Include the date of the letter underneath your contact details.

Address of Recipient:

Below your date, provide the recipient’s contact details. This should contain the name, address, firm name, and, if applicable, the recipient’s title. In case you are uncertain regarding the recipient’s name, feel free to utilize a general greeting such as “Dear Hiring Manager.”


The letter should begin with a polite salutation. Using a title and last name when addressing someone is customary in Nigeria. Examples of this include “Dear Mr. Adekunle” and “Dear Mrs. Ibrahim.”


Make a professional and courteous introduction to start. Indicate in the letter that you are applying for a particular position at the organization. Tell us where you saw the job posting and how you found out about the opportunity.

Give a quick introduction of yourself and state that you are interested in the job. In this part, you can discuss your educational history or present employment.

Body Paragraph

Write a detailed letter outlining your experiences, education, and other credentials that make you a strong fit for the role. Give concrete instances of your successes or experiences that highlight your qualifications.

Emphasize any pertinent achievements or completed projects that meet the employment requirements.


Reiterate why you think you’re the best person for the job and briefly express your interest in the role. Express your gratitude to the receiver for taking a look at your application and your enthusiasm to talk more about your qualifications in an interview.

For convenience’s sake, you can also reiterate your contact details and indicate that you are available for an interview.

Closing Remarks

Put a professional closing on the letter, like “Yours faithfully” or “Yours sincerely,” and then sign your entire name. In case you’re sending the letter in hard form, make sure there’s room for your handwritten signature.

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How to Do Professional Formatting

There are various ways to format your writing while drafting an application letter. Even with the appropriate framework, you still need to know how to format professionally.

How to Write a Business Letter:

  • Consistent Margins: Ensure that the letter has consistent margins on all sides (usually one inch).
  • Professional Font: Select a typeface that is common and easy to read, like Times New Roman, Calibri, or Arial. A font size of 10 to 12 points should be used.
  • Clear Alignment: Use single spacing and align the text to the left. Make sure the language in the letter is positioned consistently and evenly.
  • Correct Indentation: Each paragraph’s initial line should be indented. This makes the letter easier to read and seems more professional.
  • Use of White Space: To prevent overloading the reader with dense content, appropriately divide paragraphs into smaller chunks and provide enough white space between them.

Maintaining a Clear and Concise Letter:

  • Concentrate on the Important Points: Be succinct and limited to the most pertinent details. Steer clear of droning paragraphs or extraneous details.
  • Formatted Content: Clearly define your letter’s opening, body paragraphs, and conclusion. Every part ought to have a distinct function and make sense as it transitions into the next.
  • Use lists or bullet points to emphasize your most important credentials, abilities, or accomplishments. This can serve to highlight key points in the text and break it up.
  • Do not use acronyms or jargon. Make sure your writing is understandable to all readers, particularly if you’re using technical or industry-specific lingo.

Verifying the text for mistakes:

  • Check for Spelling and Grammar: Give your message a thorough proofread to make sure there are no spelling or grammar mistakes. In addition to manually checking the content for accuracy, use spell-checking software.
  • Read out loud: Have someone else read your letter to you, or read it aloud to yourself. This can assist you in identifying any strange wording or ambiguous sentences that you might have overlooked when proofreading silently.
  • Check for Uniformity: Make that the letter is formatted, punctuated, and used consistently throughout. Keep an eye out for discrepancies in names, dates, or titles.
  • Take Your Time: It is advisable to take your time proofreading. Before sending the letter, take your time to go over it carefully and make any required changes.

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Ten Tips for Writing an Application Letter in Nigeria

Here are tips you must adhere to if you must produce an exceptional application letter for any job:

Research the Company: 

Make sure you familiarize yourself with the company’s values, culture, and the particular job function you are seeking before writing your application letter. Make sure your letter reflects your knowledge of the organization and how you can help it achieve its objectives.

Follow a Professional Structure:

Employ a formal business letter structure that includes the appropriate salutation, opening, body, conclusion, and closing statements. This methodical approach appears more organized and professional.

Address the Recipient Properly: 

In the salutation, if at all feasible, refer to the receiver by name and last name. Use suitable titles, such as Mrs., Dr., or Mr. This demonstrates deference and focus on particulars.

Be Brief and Unambiguous:

Make sure your cover letter is precise, succinct, and direct. Don’t include long paragraphs or pointless details. Make sure to emphasize your experiences, education, and applicable skills that make you a strong fit for the role.

Emphasize Your Successes:

Give detailed examples of your accomplishments, experiences, and abilities in the body paragraphs that correspond with the job specifications. Whenever possible, use quantitative results to show the impact of your work.

Place a Focus on Transferable Skills:

If you are switching careers or industries, be sure to highlight your transferrable talents and how they relate to the job you are applying for. This fills in any gaps in firsthand knowledge.

Demonstrate Interest and Enthusiasm:

Show that you genuinely care about the business and the position you’re applying for. Describe your excitement for the opportunity and how it fits with your professional objectives.

Make Your Letter Unique:

For every job application, customize your cover letter. Emphasize the particular facets of your education and work history that are most pertinent to the role and business. Refrain from using mass-produced letters or generic templates.

Carefully proofread:

Check for spelling, grammatical, and punctuation mistakes in your application letter by carefully reading it over. Errors and typos can take away from your attention to detail and professionalism. Think about getting a relative or acquaintance to read it as well.

Subsequent Action:

Consider contacting the company again to express your interest in the job and find out how your application is progressing after submitting your letter of application. This illustrates your initiative and dedication to the chance.

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Common Mistakes to Avoid When Writing an Application Letter

When writing an application letter, there are mistakes you must avoid. Some of the common mistakes include:

1. Clichés and Generic Words:

Steer clear of clichés and general terms that don’t enhance your application. Instead, illustrate your credentials and experiences with precise examples and plain language.

Rather than stating, “I am a hard worker with excellent communication skills,” for instance, give instances of how your efforts and abilities have produced observable outcomes.

2. Inflating or Misrepresenting Your Capabilities:

When summarizing your abilities, accomplishments, and experiences, be truthful and precise. It might be detrimental to overstate or misrepresent your skills during an interview or after you’ve been hired.

It’s preferable to concentrate on emphasizing your real successes and qualities rather than adding embellishments or making something up.

3. Ignoring typos in grammar and spelling

Check your application letter carefully for spelling, grammatical, and punctuation mistakes. Ignoring these particulars can give the wrong impression and imply that you are not detail-oriented.

In addition to using spell-checking software, you might want to read your letter aloud or have someone else proofread it to look for mistakes. Be mindful of typical errors like subject-verb agreement and homophones (such as “their” vs. “there”).

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4. Not Customizing the Letter for the Position:

Don’t send out general application letters that aren’t customized for the position and organization you’re applying to. Mass-produced letters are immediately recognizable to employers and may be interpreted as showing a lack of sincere interest.

Spend some time learning about the business, then personalize your letter to emphasize how your qualifications meet the job specifications and corporate culture.

5. Overemphasizing Yourself:

Although it’s crucial to highlight your credentials and skills, try not to make the letter seem like an advertisement for yourself. Rather, concentrate on how you can meet their requirements and bring value to the organization. Show that you are aware of the company’s objectives and difficulties, and describe how your qualifications will help them succeed.

6. Being Excessively Formal or Too Informal:

Make sure your tone strikes the correct mix of friendliness and professionalism. Just as you should avoid speaking in an excessively professional or stiff manner, you should likewise avoid speaking in a very informal or casual manner.

Adjust your voice to fit the corporate ethos and standard operating procedures, but always err on the side of professionalism.

Application Letter Templates

Application letters Generators

While there are many online resources and applications accessible to help with application letter writing, it’s crucial to remember that depending only on automatic generators might not result in the most effective or customized outcomes.

But if you’re searching for resources that can provide examples, tips, or guidelines for writing your application letter, these are some possibilities:


Jobscan provides several tools, such as resume and cover letter builders, to help you make the most out of your application materials. It offers suggestions for improvement as well as feedback on how well your application fits the job description.


Zety provides adjustable template resume and cover letter generators. It offers detailed instructions and recommendations for writing application letters that are appropriate for a variety of jobs and industries.


A user-friendly resume and cover letter builder with templates and formatting options is provided by Novoresume. It guarantees formal structure while letting you alter the content of your application letter.


ResumeGenius offers pre-written material and configurable templates for resume and cover letter builders. Based on your feedback, it makes recommendations for how to make your application letter better.


A variety of design templates, such as cover letter and resume templates, are available on Canva. Although it isn’t made especially for writing application letters, you can use its templates as a guide and alter them to fit your requirements.


What is the purpose of an application letter in Nigeria?

An application letter in Nigeria is used to apply for a job, internship, or admission to an educational institution.

How do I format an application letter in Nigeria?

Format your application letter with a clear heading, introduction, body paragraphs, and a closing statement.

What information should be included in an application letter in Nigeria?

Include your contact information, the recipient’s details, a salutation, the purpose of the letter, your qualifications and skills, and a polite closing.

Is it necessary to tailor my application letter to the specific job or position in Nigeria?

Yes, customizing your application letter to match the requirements of the job or position will increase your chances of being considered.

What are common mistakes to avoid when writing an application letter in Nigeria?

Avoid spelling and grammatical errors, generic content that does not relate to the specific opportunity, and providing inaccurate information about yourself.


Meticulous attention to detail, a thorough comprehension of the job criteria, and a professional tone are all necessary for creating an excellent application letter in Nigeria. 

You may greatly improve your chances of making an impression on prospective employers by modifying your cover letter to the particular position you are looking for and adhering to the recommendations outlined in this article. 

Always edit your letter before sending it, emphasize your enthusiasm for the role, and highlight your relevant experiences and talents. 

You can write an effective application letter that will help you land the job you want if you keep these pointers in mind. Spend some time honing your letter so that it accurately conveys your goals and qualifications.

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