Highest Mountains in Nigeria | Origin, and Location


Nigeria, a country in West Africa, is renowned for its stunning natural surroundings and varied landscape. Nigeria has many beautiful geographical features, from dense forests to undulating hills. However, its imposing mountains are one feature that is frequently overlooked.

Nigeria may not boast some of the tallest mountains in the world, but it has several magnificent peaks that provide breathtaking vistas and challenging treks for ardent hikers and mountaineers. 

This post will examine Nigeria’s highest mountains and what makes them unique. So continue reading if you’re seeking adventure or want to learn more about Nigeria’s natural treasures.


Here are many reasons people explore the Nigerian Mountains:

Peak Climbing and Ascending Heights

Nigeria’s mountain ranges provide a spectacular and inspiring experience for those seeking adventure and a closer relationship with nature. Here is one example of climbing mountains in Nigeria and exploring their summits:

Hiking and trekking

Nigeria’s mountainous regions offer fantastic opportunities for hikers and trekkers. There are trails ideal for novice and experienced hikers, with varied degrees of difficulty. You’ll be rewarded for climbing the peaks with beautiful views, lush foliage, and the opportunity to see unusual flora and species.

Wildlife Encounters

A variety of wildlife species frequently call Nigeria’s mountains home. Monkeys, antelopes, and uncommon bird species are just some animals and birds you could encounter as you travel to higher elevations. Watch out for these fantastic creatures and take time to observe how nature and wildlife coexist together.

Cultural Heritage

The cultural heritage of the surrounding populations is occasionally entwined with the mountains of Nigeria.

You might have the chance to interact with native tribes in some places and discover more about their customs, mythology, and relationship to the mountains. Your mountain experience is made more profound and richer by this cultural interchange.

Photography and relaxation

The majestic peaks and striking scenery of Nigeria’s mountains make for the ideal setting for photographers. Take pictures of the mountains’ utter grandeur, the interaction of light and shadow, and colorful sunsets.

Additionally, these mountain ranges provide a calm and serene atmosphere that enables you to unwind and find peace amidst the beauties of nature.

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Here are the tallest mountains in Nigeria:

1. Mount Chappal Waddi

Location: Taraba State

Highest Mountains In Nigeria

The highest mountain in Nigeria and the highest point in the Mandara Mountains is Mount Chappal Waddi, commonly known as Gangirwal. 

It is located in Taraba State, the nation’s northeast. The mountain is situated within the Gashaka Gumti National Park, renowned for its extensive biodiversity and conservation activities.

The highest mountain in Nigeria is Mount Chappal Waddi, which rises to a high 2,419 meters (7,936 feet) above sea level. For novice climbers, the ascent of Mount Chappal Waddi might take a lot of work. 

The landscape is rocky and steep, and the weather can be erratic. Climbers should be physically fit, have previous climbing experience, and have the right gear. 

The local populations living near Mount Chappal Waddi maintain significance in their beliefs and mythology. Some tribes regard it as a sacred mountain, and frequent customs and rituals are connected. The mountain is considered a source of spiritual power and protection because it is home to spiritual creatures. 

The local populations have a strong sense of respect for the mountain and its natural surroundings, and they frequently have ancient tales and traditions about the mountain’s beginnings and mythical significance that have been passed down through the generations.

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2. Shere Hills 

Location: Plateau State

Highest Mountains In Nigeria
Highest Mountains in Nigeria

Shere Hills, often called Shere Mountain, is a significant mountain range close to Jos, Nigeria’s Plateau State’s capital. This magnificent mountain range’s rich flora and wildlife, aesthetic beauty, and cultural significance have earned it worldwide acclaim.

Shere Hills is one of the significant hills in the area, rising to a height of roughly 1,829 meters (6,001 feet) above sea level. There are trails on the mountain that range in difficulty, some easier for novices and others more challenging for seasoned hikers. 

Climbers must have moderate physical fitness and stamina due to the terrain’s rough routes, steep slopes, and sporadic vegetation. Use the proper climbing gear, carry enough water, and trek with a local guide.

For the local people and indigenous tribes in the area, Shere Hills are essential from a cultural and spiritual perspective. Some people regard it as a location of spiritual power and ancestor link, which is thought to possess mystical and sacred aspects. 

3. Shebshi Mountain 

Location: Taraba State

Highest Mountains In Nigeria

Shebshi Mountain is among the highest mountains in Nigeria. It is a lesser-known jewel in the beautiful Taraba State of Nigeria. Shebshi Mountain offers nature lovers and adventure seekers a calm escape with its unspoiled natural beauty and serene surroundings.

Shebshi Mountain is a prominent peak in the area, rising to around 1,524 meters (5,000 feet) above sea level. 

The mountain has trails for climbers of all abilities, and the climbing challenge is modest. While some paths are flat, others could have rough terrain and more challenging ascents. 

It is recommended that climbers be reasonably fit, bring the right hiking gear, and carry enough water. 

Hiring a knowledgeable local guide is advised to ensure your safety and help you get the most out of your trip up the mountain.

It is frequently linked to traditional folklore and spiritual beliefs since it is said to possess sacred powers. The locals may revere the mountain as a site of spiritual power and ancestor links. 

4. Adamawa-Mandara Mountain

Location: Adamawa State

Northeastern Nigeria is home to the steep Adamawa-Mandara Mountains, sometimes called the Mandara Mountains, which span the boundary between Nigeria and Cameroon. 

The Adamawa Plateau includes these mountains renowned for their outstanding natural beauty and distinctive geological formations.

Throughout their extent, the Adamawa-Mandara Mountains are at different heights. Mount Dimlang, located in the Nigerian portion of the Himalayas, is the tallest peak, rising roughly 2,042 meters (6,699 feet) above sea level. 

The individual peak and route chosen can impact the mountain’s climbing difficulty. Some trails may include steep ascents, rocky terrains, and challenging slopes, necessitating a high level of physical fitness and previous mountain climbing experience from hikers. 

5. Sankwala Mountain

Location: Cross River State

Highest Mountains In Nigeria

Among the highest mountains in Nigeria is Sankwala Mountain. It is a notable mountain located in Cross River State, close to the Cameroon border in the nation’s southeast. 

The mountain is a part of the Obudu Plateau, renowned for its beautiful scenery, abundant fauna, and lush vegetation.

The height of Sankwala Mountain is roughly 1,524 meters (5,000 feet) above sea level. Even if it isn’t as tall as some other mountains in Nigeria, climbing is a pleasant experience. 

Depending on the route taken, Sankwala Mountain’s climbing difficulties can change. Hikers must be fit and agile because specific paths may have steep slopes, rocky areas, and dense foliage. 

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6. Patti Mountain

Location: Kogi State

Highest Mountains In Nigeria
Highest Mountains in Nigeria

In Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria, there is a famous mountain called Mount Patti, also called Patti Hill. It is a notable geographical landmark because it is located where the Niger and Benue Rivers meet. 

Mount Patti is renowned for its historical and cultural significance and provides spectacular views of the surroundings. It is one of the highest mountains in Nigeria.

The height of Mount Patti is roughly 335 meters (1,100 feet) above sea level. Because it is not a tall mountain, climbers of all fitness levels can quickly ascend it. 

Mount Patti’s journey to the peak is relatively simple, with clearly marked routes and steps in some places. It is a well-liked hiking and sightseeing location that draws residents and visitors.

Mount Patti is historically and culturally significant for the people of Kogi State. It is thought to have contributed to Lokoja becoming Nigeria’s first administrative capital during the colonial era. 

The mountain represents the local communities’ identity and resiliency and is linked to their history and traditions.

The Lord Lugard’s Residence, a historic building that initially housed Lord Frederick Lugard, the first Governor-General of Nigeria, is also located on Mount Patti. This increases the mountain’s significance and draws tourists to the nation’s colonial past.

Although exact viewpoints on the mountain may differ amongst towns, Mount Patti is usually regarded as an essential cultural and historical site.

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7. Zuma Rock

Next on our list of the highest mountains in Nigeria is Zuma Rock. Zuma Rock is primarily made of granite, an igneous rock that developed when molten lava solidified deep within the Earth’s crust.

The height of Zuma Rock is roughly 725 meters (2,379 feet). It is a well-known landmark in the area due to its towering height and unusual design.

Zuma Rock is located in Madalla village in Niger State, Nigeria, roughly 40 kilometers (25 miles) north of Abuja, the nation’s capital. It is a prominent natural landmark in the area and is visible everywhere.

The local indigenous Gwari people value Zuma Rock both culturally and spiritually. The rock is frequently represented in literature, art, and even on Nigeria’s coinage, and it has come to represent the nation of Nigeria.

In addition to its cultural and artistic significance, Zuma Rock draws tourists and visitors who value its unmatched natural beauty. It is a reminder of Nigeria’s diverse topography and the planet’s geological past.


Nigeria’s northern and eastern areas have different geographic characteristics for many reasons. There are more mountains in the northern part of Nigeria than in the eastern part for the following reasons:

Tectonic Activity

Nigeria’s northern region lies near the African and Arabian Plate dividing line. The Jos Plateau, Mandara Mountains, and other northern mountain ranges were created due to these tectonic events. Conversely, tectonic activity is less intense in the eastern region, with fewer mountains.

Geological makeup

 The geological makeup of a region significantly influences the creation of mountains. Granite and quartzite are more challenging and durable rock types that make up the rocks in the northern region of Nigeria, particularly in the area surrounding the Mandara Mountains and Jos Plateau. Compared to the softer sedimentary rocks in the eastern region, these rocks have a higher propensity to rise and produce mountains.

Erosion and Weathering

Throughout millions of years, erosion and weathering have formed Nigeria’s topography. Rivers and other natural processes erode the northern region more because of its higher elevation and more noticeable topography. 

The formation and preservation of mountains in the north have benefited from this ongoing erosion.

It’s crucial to remember that while northern Nigeria may have more noticeable mountainous terrain, the eastern part still has distinctive geological characteristics, like the Obudu Plateau and the Afi Mountains. 

Nigeria’s unique geographical features are demonstrated by the natural beauty and terrain that each part of the country has to offer.

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Nigeria is home to numerous towering mountains that are breathtakingly beautiful and significant in terms of their ecological and cultural significance. These mountains look into Nigeria’s incredible natural diversity, ranging from the majestic Chappal Waddi to the rough Kambari and the breathtaking Gangirwal ranges. 

These peaks are well worth a visit, whether you’re a seasoned hiker or just someone who enjoys nature at its finest. Why not schedule your upcoming adventure to climb one of the tallest mountains in Nigeria right now? You won’t be let down.

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